Anglo Platinum
  - Mortimer Smelter
  - Polokwane Smelter
  - Waterval Smelter
Bindura Nickel
Hatch Africa
Impala Platinum
KCM Chingola
KCM Nkana
Lonmin Platinum
Mintek Pyrometallurgy
Mittal Steel Newcastle
Namakwa Sands
Palabora Mining
Pyro 2006
Richards Bay Minerals
SA Calcium Carbide
Samancor Chrome
Thermo software
Ticor SA
University of Pretoria
University of Stellenbosch
Wits University
Xstrata Alloys
Zimbabwe Alloys

Southern Africa

Pyrometallurgy in Southern Africa


Rodney Jones

List of Southern African Smelters

Mozal, Maputo, Mozambique, 550 kt/a
Hillside Smelter, Richards Bay, 700 kt/a
Bayside Smelter, Richards Bay, 175 kt/a
(Coega (Alcan), 720 kt/a - construction 2008-2013, cost R20bn, 1350 MW)

Calcium Carbide
SA Calcium Carbide (formerly Karbochem), Newcastle

[Chambishi Metals, Kitwe, Zambia, 3.4 - 4 kt/a Co - Closed at end of 2008]

Kansanshi (First Quantum), Zambia, 300 kt/a (IsaSmelt)
Konkola Copper Mines Nchanga Smelter, Chingola, Zambia, 300 kt/a (Outokumpu flash smelting direct-to-blister furnace and slag cleaning)
Mopani Copper (Glencore), Mufulira, Zambia, 185 kt/a (IsaSmelt)
Chambishi (China Nonferrous Metal Mining Group), Zambia, 250 kt/a (IsaSmelt)
Palabora Mining, Phalaborwa, 160 kt/a (Reverb)
Dundee Precious Metals Tsumeb (previously Namibia Custom Smelters (Weatherly International); formerly Ongopolo Mining and Processing), Tsumeb, Namibia, 40-50 kt/a (Ausmelt)
Rubamin, Likasi, DRC, 20 kt/a
Copalcor (secondary smelter), Germiston, 5 kt/a
[Konkola Copper Mines (Sterlite) Nkana Smelter, Kitwe, Zambia, 165 kt/a - Closed in 2009]
[BCL nickel-copper smelter, Selebi Phikwe, Botswana, 30 kt/a (Outotec flash) - Closed in 2016]

Glencore-Merafe Lion I and II, Steelpoort, 288 MVA (4 furnaces), 720 kt/a
Ferrometals (SamancorCr), Witbank / eMalahleni, 287 MVA (6 furnaces), 550 kt/a
Glencore Wonderkop, Rustenburg, 6 x 45 MVA (6 furnaces), 545 kt/a
Glencore Rustenburg, Rustenburg, 210 MVA (6 furnaces), 430 kt/a
Hernic Ferrochrome, Brits / Madibeng, 54 + 78 + 37 + 37 MVA (4 furnaces), 420 kt/a
ASA Metals (SamancorCr / was Sinosteel), Dilokong, 33 + 45 + 2 x 66 MVA (4 furnaces), 410 kt/a
Glencore Lydenburg, Lydenburg / Mashishing, 137 MVA (4 furnaces), 400 kt/a
Tubatse Chrome (SamancorCr / was Sinosteel), Steelpoort, 240 MVA (6 furnaces), 380 kt/a
Assmang Chrome, Machadodorp, 54 + 96 MVA (2 furnaces + 1 remnants), 300 kt/a (Not operating)
Middelburg Ferrochrome (SamancorCr), Middelburg, ~130 MVA (DC) + 96 MVA (AC) (6 furnaces), 285 kt/a
TC Smelter (was IFM) (SamancorCr), Mooinooi, near Brits / Madibeng, 132 MVA (2 furnaces), 240 kt/a
Glencore Boshoek (was SA Chrome), Boshoek, near Rustenburg, 2 x 60 MVA (2 furnaces), 240 kt/a
Traxys (was Tata) Richards Bay Alloys, Richards Bay, 2 x 38 MVA (2 furnaces), 150 kt/a (Not operating)
Mogale Alloys, Krugersdorp / Mogale City, 50 MVA (DC) + 40 MVA (AC) (4 furnaces), 130 kt/a
[Bathlako Ferrochrome (Samancor), 25 kt/a - Closed in 1999]
Zimbabwe Alloys, Gweru, Zimbabwe, 43 kt/a
Zimasco, Kwekwe, Zimbabwe, 220 kt/a
Maranatha Ferrochrome, Eiffel Flats, Kadoma, Zimbabwe

Metalloys, Meyerton, 530 kt/a
Cato Ridge Alloys (Assmang), Cato Ridge, 245 kt/a
Advalloys, Meyerton, 75 kt/a
Transalloys, Witbank, 50 kt/a
Okahandja Manganese Smelter, Namibia
Kalahari Resources, Northern Cape, 2.4 Mt/a of sinter

Metalloys, Meyerton
Rand Carbide, Witbank, 58 kt/a
Xstrata Silicon Technology, Ballangeich

Vanchem division of Highveld Steel and Vanadium, Witbank, 17 kt/a (vanadium slag)
Rhovan (Xstrata), Brits, 6kt/a FeV .
Vametco Alloys (Stratcor / Evraz), Brits, 5.25kt/a, Nitrovan and FeV
[Vantech (Xstrata), ex Vansa, Kennedys Vale / Steelpoort (converted to FeCr)]

Rand Refinery, Germiston

Iron and Steel
ArcelorMittal Steel Vanderbijlpark, 3.5 Mt/a
ArcelorMittal Steel Newcastle, 1.5 Mt/a
[ArcelorMittal Steel Saldanha, 1.4 Mt - Commissioned in 1998 - Closed in 2019]/a
ArcelorMittal Steel Vereeniging, 0.4 Mt/a
Zisco Steel, Zimbabwe, 1 Mt/a
Evraz Highveld Steel and Vanadium, Witbank
Scaw Metals, Germiston, 500 kt/a
Dunswart Steel, Benoni
Cape Town Iron and Steel Works (Cisco), Kuilsrivier, Cape Town, 400 kt/a

Frys Metals (secondary smelter), Germiston, 55 kt/a

Bindura Nickel, Bindura, Zimbabwe (to be completed Q1 2016)
Empress Nickel, Eiffel Flats, Zimbabwe
(also see Platinum Group Metals)

Platinum Group Metals
Anglo Platinum Waterval Smelter, Rustenburg, 2.5 Moz/a Pt
Anglo Platinum Polokwane Smelter, Polokwane
Anglo Platinum Mortimer Smelter, Rustenburg
Impala Platinum, Rustenburg, 2.0 Moz/a Pt
Lonmin Platinum, Mooinooi, 0.9 Moz/a Pt
Northam Platinum, Northam, 0.2 Moz/a Pt
Zimplats (formerly Makwiro Platinum), Zimbabwe, 0.1 Moz/a Pt
[BCL, Selebi-Phikwe, Botswana, 60 kt/a - Closed in 2016]

Xstrata Silicon Technology, Ballangeich, 55 kt/a
Invensil Silicon Smelters, Polokwane, 40 kt/a
Namibia Metals, Omaruru, Namibia, 20 kt/a

Metalloys, Meyerton, 200 kt/a
Transalloys, Witbank, 180 kt/a
[Mogale Alloys, Krugersdorp / Mogale City]

Stainless steel
Columbus Stainless, Middelburg

Titania Slag
Richards Bay Minerals, Richards Bay, 1000 kt/a
Namakwa Sands, Saldanha Bay, 230 kt/a
Ticor SA, Richards Bay, 250 kt/a
Corridor Sands, Chibuto, Gaza province, Mozambique (feasibility study), 250 kt/a
Highveld Steel and Vanadium, Witbank, 48 kt/a

[Zincor, Springs, 120 kt/a - Closed]

Research and Development Companies and Universities
Mintek, Randburg
Anglo Research, Johannesburg
University of the Witwatersrand
University of Pretoria
Stellenbosch University

Furnace builders and supporting companies
SMS Demag
G&H Consulting Engineers
Castall Engineering
Auburn Furnace Services
SNC Lavalin
Dickinson Group - Furnace Contractors & Services
Clyde Bergemann Africa, Kya Sands
Ex Mente, Centurion
Thos Begbie
Paul Wurth
Vereeniging Refractories
Vesuvius Refractories
BOC Afrox
Air Liquide

Copyright © 2005-2019, Rodney Jones,, Johannesburg, South Africa (Last updated on 14 November 2019)